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HYPERTENSION AND DIABETES MELLITUS AMONG THE NORTHERN RAILWAY EMPLOYEES: A DESCRIPTIVE STUDY
Shatrughan Pareek*, Vinay Kumar, Dr. Supurna Sen Roy , Sapna Pareek and Anupam Pareek
Introduction: Non-communicable diseases are major public health issues for all communities around the globe. Hypertension and Diabetes mellitus (DM) are most common non-communicable diseases. Hypertension and DM have increased drastically in last 20 years at world level. Hypertension and diabetes mellitus are related with the life style changes. The side effects of diabetes mellitus include chronic damage to vital organs. India is becoming the diabetes hub of the world. Methodology: Research approach adopted for the study was Survey. The study has been done from January 2016 to July 2017 at Northern Railway divisional hospital, Delhi. Total of 1547 Railway employees were selected for the study by convenient sampling. Data collection was done from periodic medical examination (PME) books. Results: The study revealed that the prevalence of pre-hypertension and hypertension are 7.24% and 23.98% respectively. Prevalence of Pre-diabetes and DM are 12.05% and 08.45% respectively. Age group (45-60 years) has the most cases of hypertension and diabetes. There were no significant associations among hypertension and diabetes with selected sociodemographic variables. Conclusions- Hypertension and diabetes mellitus are growing epidemic. The burdens of Non communicable disease are increasing in India. Railway employees are prone to hypertension compared to diabetes mellitus. Age is an independent factor. Hypertension and diabetes cases were more common in 46-60 years age group. There is need of sound educational, screening and awareness program to identification and management of the non communicable diseases.[Full Text Article]