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MEDICATION ADHERENCE AND ITS DETERMINANTS AMONG PATIENTS WITH TYPE-2 DIABETES ATTENDING UNIVERSITY OF PORT HARCOURT TEACHING HOSPITAL
Sokiprim Akoko*, Dagogo Miebaka Ogan and Roseline Monday Akpanudo
Introduction: The study ascertains the prevalence of medication adherence and its determinant among patients with type 2 diabetes attending University Teaching Hospital Diabetic Clinic. Method: Questionnaire method was used. The study population includes diabetic patients that attend University of Port Harcourt Diabetic Clinic. Correlation design was employed. Four research questions were answered and hypotheses were tested in the study at 0.05 level of significance. Instrument for data collection is the Morisky medical adherence scale. The data obtained was analyzed using descriptive statistic of frequency count, and percentage proportions while non parametric statistics of chi square and Kendull tau-b correlation were utilized for test of significance at 0.05 alpha levels. All procedure was approved by University of Port Harcourt Ethics Committee and the researcher followed Covid-19 infection prevention protocol. Results: The findings of the study showed that a high level of medication adherence 57 (48.7%) was found among the patients, cost of medication was statistically significance (fb= -0.330, p = 0.000) found to be one barrier to medication adherence among the study group. 72 out of 117 (61.5%) of the patients have a high level of HbA1c. Conclusion: The study recommends establishments of counseling unit for diabetic patient, development of a follow up strategy to help them adhere to their medication. Alternative treatments like food low in carbohydrates and fats but rich in vitamins are modern day healthy options for management of T2DM.[Full Text Article]