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SUICIDE & ITS PREVENTION
H. S. Manasa* and Manjula K. V.
Suicide is the deliberate self-infliction of death. It is a leading cause of death all around the world. Suicide is the third highest cause of death among teenagers aged 15 to 19. Low- and middle-income nations account for 79 percent of global suicides. Pesticide ingestion, hanging, and weapons are among the most common ways to commit suicide in the world1. The number of suicides in India grew to 230,314 in 2016. In both the 15–29 year and 15–39 year age groups, suicide was the most common cause of death. Every year, over 800,000 individuals die by suicide around the world, with 135,000 (17%) of these being citizens of India, which accounts for 17.5 percent of the global population. Every year, far more people attempt suicide than commit suicide. In the general population, the single most important risk factor for suicide is a previous suicide attempt. Tamil Nadu had the highest suicide rate of 12.5 percent in 2012, followed by Maharashtra (11.9 percent) and West Bengal (11.0 percent). Tamil Nadu and Kerala had the highest suicide rates per 100,000 persons among big population states in 20123. In India, the ratio of male to female suicides is roughly 2:1. The number of suicides in India is estimated to be in the millions. For instance, a research published in The Lancet predicted 187,000 suicides in India in 2010, although official statistics from the Indian government claimed 134,600 suicides in the same year. According to WHO data, India's age-standardized suicide rate for women is 16.4 per 100,000 (6th highest in the world) and for males is 25.8 per 100,000 (22nd).[Full Text Article]