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KNOWLEDGE ON ACUTE AND CHRONIC COMPLICATIONS OF DIABETES MELLITUS AMONG PATIENTS WITH DIABETES MELLITUS IN SELECTED METRO GROUP OF MULTISPECIALITY HOSPITALS AND HEART INSTITUTE, NOIDA: A DESCRIPTIVE STUDY
Fazl Ur Rahman*
Massive populations of the mankind live with diagnosis of diabetes mellitus. At present India is considered as the “worlds” capital of Diabetes. Development of Diabetes is associated with increased mortality & high risk of developing retinal, vascular & neuropathic complications leading to disability & death. (Black. M. Joyce, Hawks JH). Diabetes Mellitus is a disease which is pervasive globally. Diabetes is inveterate malady which is guileful in onset and can be controlled by proper diet, drugs, foot care and exercise. Descriptive survey approach is used in this present study. Non probability convenience sampling technique was used to obtain a sample of 100 valetudinarians with diabetes mellitus. A structured knowledge questionnaire was primed to collect the data which consists of 34 questions. The content validity of the tool was established by 5 experts and reliability was established by using test-retest method, the reliability for knowledge questionnaire was r=0.78. The data were collected personally by the scrutinizer by questionnaire method and data were interpreted in terms of objectives using descriptive and inferential statistics. There was inadequate knowledge leading to develop complications of diabetes mellitus among diabetes mellitus clients. There was no significant association between selected demographic variables (age, sex, religion, education, work pattern, family history of diabetes mellitus, duration of having diabetes mellitus, treatment taken, dietary pattern and experience of having complications and knowledge at p < 0.05 level. The study concluded that further research is needed to gage diabetes mellitus clients regarding the complications of diabetes mellitus and more educational programs are needed to revamp their knowledge.[Full Text Article]