WORLD JOURNAL OF ADVANCE
HEALTHCARE RESEARCH

( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Review Journal for Medical Science and Pharma Professionals
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ISSN 2457-0400

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Indexing

Abstract

AWARENESS OF CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES RISK FACTORS AMONG PEOPLE RESIDING IN AN URBAN COMMUNITY

Shanti Awale*, Bimala Panthee, Ratna Kumari Maharjan, Bina Rana Khagi, Rachana Mishra

ABSTRACT

Background: Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are the major cause of deaths globally, with the estimated 31% of all deaths worldwide. In Nepal the CVDs mortality rate has been increased from 124.1 per 100,000 population in 1990 to 164.7 per 100,000 population in 2017. This study was aimed to identify the awareness of cardiovascular diseases risk factors among people of Lalitpur Metropolitan City, Nepal. Methods: Cross-sectional analytical study was conducted among people (18 to 60 years) (n=380) residing in Lalitpur Metropolitan City, Nepal From May to July, 2021. A structured questionnaire based on the Cardiovascular Risk Factor-Knowledge Level (CARRF-KL) scale was used to collect the data for awareness. Descriptive and inferential (Chi-Square) statistics was used for data analysis. P value was set at 0.05. Results: The mean age of respondents was 40.7 years where about 30% belonged to the age group of 38-47 years. Half of the respondents were females. Of them, 13.9% were suffering from CVDs. Regarding the level of awareness, 38.7% had good awareness, 51.1% had average awareness and 10.3% had poor awareness on cardiovascular diseases risk factors. More than half of respondents (52.8%), who had cardiovascular diseases, had good awareness. There was significant association between gender, educational status, employment status and level of awareness on CVDs risk factors. Conclusion: The awareness level of urban community people of Lalitpur Metropolitan city regarding CVD was average. On the basis of findings of this study, awareness program regarding the risk factors of CVDs is needed to promote the healthy lifestyle for the prevention of the diseases of the community people.

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