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CALGARY FAMILY ASESSMENT MODEL (CFAM) IN PREVENTION OF ANEMIA IN PRESCHOOLED CHILDREN
Wiwit Dwi Nurbadriyah* and Tri Nurhudi S.
Iron deficiency anemia is a common iron deficiency in children. Iron is a constituent of hemoglobin. The impact of iron deficiency anemia in children will slowly preventing intelligence development of children and make them susceptible to less endurance so become easily sick. The highest prevalence of anemia is at the end of infancy and early childhood preschool age. The role of the mother in the family is very important in the diet of the child and the fulfillment of nutritional needs. This can be known through the CFAM family assessment approach (Calgary Family Assessment Model). The research design is descriptive explorative with 22 respondents from preschool age children at TK Muslimat Curungrejo Kepanjen through purposive sampling technique. CFAM data collection consists of structural, developmental and functional family assessment components. CFAM structural components consist of: number of nuclear families, order of children, gender, family boundaries, extended family, environment, religion, purchasing power. Developmental components include family relationships, relationships with the environment and available means. Functional component is an influential component because it is related to daily life activities, consisting of routine activities, responsible for caring for children, problem solving, beliefs of disease and follow-up during illness. Mothers role in the prevention of anemia are mostly not routine (54.5%). Responsible of caring for children is 50% by one parent only (mother) .How to solve the problem is done by the head of the family (68.1%). Follow-up during illness by making curative effort is 72.7%. Disease believed is 81.8% assumes that anemia is not a dangerous disease. Efforts that need to be done is screening the incidence of anemia in children so it can lead to the right prevention and handling, and also optimization of Toddlers Posyandu to provide health education about the importance of iron for children.[Full Text Article]