WORLD JOURNAL OF ADVANCE
HEALTHCARE RESEARCH

( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Review Journal for Medical Science and Pharma Professionals
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ISSN 2457-0400

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Indexing

Abstract

IMPLEMENTATION OF PREVENTION MOTHER TO CHILD TRANSMISSION (PMTCT) OF HIV PROGRAM IN PREGNANT WOMEN WITH HIV POSITIVE

Dwike Primadita Rosanti*, Dwi Wahyuni and Dewi Rokhmah

ABSTRACT

Introduction: HIV/AIDS is an infectious disease caused by a virus that attacks the human immune system. Currently HIV/AIDS is a global problem that requires attention. One of the programs issued by the government is the PMTCT (Prevention Mother To Child Transmission) program which is consist of 4 prongs/activities to prevent the transmission of HIV/AIDS from mother to child. Objective: to find out the obstacles of implementation the PMTCT (Prevention Mother To Child Transmission) Program of HIV/AIDS in Antenatal Care (ANC) Services in healthcare facilities. Method: This study uses a literature review research method that aims to analyze the components of input, process, output, outcome, prong 3 and prong 4 in the implementation of the PMTCT program. Result: The implementation of PMTCT is not good enough, especially regarding follow-up of pregnant women patients by healthcare workers who act as program implementers; The low level of education, attitude and practice of breastfeeding by HIV positive mothers is not good; Poor adherence to antiretroviral treatment increases the risk of mother-to-child transmission of HIV; Stigma, discrimination and data collection on HIV test results are not good enough because the data on HIV test results are not stored properly and some of the data is lost. Conclusion: the components of input, process, output, outcome, in the implementation of the PMTCT program are still not going well, especially regarding follow-up, low levels of education, attitudes and practices of breastfeeding by HIV positive mothers, data collection on HIV test results that are not good enough.

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