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EVALUATE THE EFFECTIVENESS OF COMPUTER ASSISTED TEACHING (CAT) PROGRAMME ON KNOWLEDGE REGARDING PREVENTION OF SELECTED COMPLICATIONS RELATED TO IMMOBILIZATION AMONG THE IMMOBILIZED ORTHOPAEDIC PATIENTS (IOP) AT SHREE JAYA CHAMARAJENDRA HOSPITAL, HASSAN
Martin Luther King* and Chandrashekar Hadapad
Immobilization and inactivity are frequently present in patient with involvement of musculoskeletal and neurological systems and also among critically ill patients. An immobilized individual is at a greater risk of developing complications like Pressure sore, Deep Vein Thrombosis, Hypostatic Pneumonia, Constipation, Contracture. Computer Assisted Teaching progamme is used to improve the knowledge of immobilized orthopedic patients to prevent some of the selected complications. An evaluatory approach with pre-experimental one group pre-test – post-test design was used. Thirty immobilized orthopedic patients were selected using convenient non- probability sampling technique. Data was collected by using personal proforma and structured knowledge questionnaire and Computer Assisted Teaching programme was given by using power point presentation. The mean pretest knowledge score of Immobilized Orthopaedic Patients is 16.37, standard deviation is 3.2, pretest mean percentage is 48.1% and standard deviation percentage is 9.4 %. The mean post- test knowledge score is 28.10, standard deviation is 2.3, post-test mean percentage is 82.6% and standard deviation percentage is 6.9 %. Chi square test value was computed between knowledge levels and selected demographic variables of Immobilized Orthopedic Patients. Findings revealed that the Gender (7.18), Education level (11.66), Religion (5.76), Type of family (4.34), Type of diet (5.29), Duration of stay in hospitalization (10.72) was significantly associated with their knowledge level. Hence the research hypothesis H1 is accepted at P<0.05 level of significance, Inferring that knowledge of Immobilized Orthopedic Patients is been influenced by their selected personal variables. The findings of the study showed that the Computer Assisted Teaching programme was effective in all the areas in improving the knowledge of prevention of selected complications among the immobilized orthopedic patients.[Full Text Article]