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THE EFFECT OF STIGMA AND SOCIAL SUPPORT ON THE SELF-DISCLOSURE OF PEOPLE LIVING WITH HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) TOWARD HEALTH WORKERS IN MALANG REGENCY INDONESIA
Galuh Kumalasari*, Tita Hariyanti and Asti Melani Astari
HIV/AIDS has become such big problem for the world, including Indonesia. PLWHA in Malang Regency Indonesia not only experience physical suffering due to the illness, but also suffer on social and emotional function. Despite regular assistance from local health workers, cases of depression and suicide are still common. Interaction during the mentoring process indicates that self-disclosure of PLWHA to health personnel has not been optimal. The purpose of this study is to determine the effect of social support and stigma on self-disclosure of PLWHA to health workers in Malang Regency. The study is a correlational analysis with a Cross Sectional approach. The number of samples is 92 taken from the entire population. The measuring instruments used are RSDS (Revised Self Disclosure Scale), Berger’s HIV Stigma Scale, and Social Support Questionnaire. The bivariate test of social support to self disclosure results in a p value of 0.000 (<0.05) and this can be interpreted that there is influence of social support to self disclosure, with a Pearson correlation value equals to 0.581 showing a positive and medium correlation. The stigma bivariate test against self-disclosure shows a p value of 0.008 (<0.05) and this means that there is influence of public stigma to self-disclosure; with a Pearson correlation value of -0.276 showing a negative and weak correlation. Furthermore, multivariate test using multiple linear regressions shows that social support has bigger influence on self-disclosure of PLWHA compared to stigma. The influence of social support as a driving force is stronger than the effect of stigma as barrier to self-disclosure of PLWHA to health workers in Malang Regency.[Full Text Article]