WORLD JOURNAL OF ADVANCE
HEALTHCARE RESEARCH

( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Review Journal for Medical Science and Pharma Professionals
World Journal of Advance Healthcare Research (WJAHR) has indexed with various reputed international bodies like : Google Scholar , Index Copernicus , SOCOLAR, China , Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN , Cosmos Impact Factor , Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) , UDLedge Science Citation Index , International Impact Factor Services , International Society for Research Activity (ISRA) Journal Impact Factor (JIF) , IFSIJ Measure of Journal Quality , Scientific Journal Impact Factor (SJIF) , International Scientific Indexing, UAE (ISI) (Under Process) , International Impact Factor Services (IIFS) , Web of Science Group (Under Process) , Directory of Research Journals Indexing , Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) , International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) , 

ISSN 2457-0400

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Indexing

Abstract

ULTRASONOGRAPHIC EVALUATION OF ENDOMETRIAL THICKNESS; HOW RELEVANT IN FEMALE INFERTILITY ASSESSMENT?

Samuel Udobi, Augustine Onuh, Chukwuemeka Nwankwo, Dr. Emeka Mgbe*, Samuel Mgbor and Emmanuel Obikili

ABSTRACT

Background: The endometrium is vital for successful conception. Two dimensional ultrasound (2-D US) can be used to assess the endometrial thickness at different phases of the menstrual cycle. However, ultrasonographic measurement of the endometrial stripe in females with infertility on the day of hysterosalpingography (HSG) which in our environment coincides with the proliferative or late follicular phase of the menstrual cycle, will result in standardization of the menstrual timing of such a study. Aim: To ascertain the usefulness late follicular phase ultrasonographic evaluation of endometrial thickness in infertility assessment. Study design: A prospective cross sectional descriptive study. Methods: A total 127 subjects were scanned and endometrial stripe thickness were analyzed with the statistical package for social sciences version 21; ? ? 0.05 being considered statistically significant. Results: The ages ranged from 20-49 years with mean of 32.5 ± 5.2, while the endometrial thickness ranged from 0.1-16.0mm with mean of 2.2 ± 2.2 and measurement of <4mm in 93.7% of the subjects. There was significant correlation between the endometrial thickness and the duration of infertility, parity, and the duration of last episode of dilatation and curettage (D&C): but no significant correlation between endometrial thickness and the age of the subjects, the age at menarche, the type of infertility and the duration of menses. Conclusion: The endometrial thickness of most of the subjects was below the normal range of follicular phase endometrial thickness. This implies that endometrial thickness is relevant in female infertility assessment.

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