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ANXIETY AND DEPRESSION AMONG ORPHANS RESIDING IN ORPHANAGE AT JAIPUR, RAJASTHAN: A CROSS-SECTIONAL STUDY
Jaishree Viashnav* and Narendra Kumar Kaushik
Background: Orphans and the other vulnerable children and adolescents (OVCA) living in institutional homes are more prone to behavioral and emotional problems than others as they are deprived of a family's love and care. The present study was conducted with an aim to explore the anxiety and depression levels among orphans in the selected orphanages at Jaipur, City, Rajsthan. Methodology: The research design used in the present study was descriptive research design. The study was conducted among 70 orphans residing in government and primary orphanages at Jaipur city, Rajasthan. Non-probability purposive sampling technique was used to select the samples. A structured interview schedule was used to assess the anxiety level and depression level among orphans. The tools used for collection of data were structured interview schedule, which consists of socio-demographic variables, anxiety rating scale and depression rating scale. The analysis of data was done with help of SPSS 18.0. Results: In the present study majority of respondents (72.86%) were belong to 14-16 years of age. The most of respondents (40 %) were staying from 0-3 years in orphan home. Additionally, the majority of subjects (72.86%) were having mild anxiety and 10% of were having moderate and only 1.43% were having severe anxiety. The distribution of depression levels highlighted that nearly one-third of participants were in mild depression followed by 24.29% of the participants were having no depression and 10% respondents have moderate depression. In terms of association, there was a limited association between selected demographic variables and levels of anxiety and depression. Conclusion: The majority of orphans have mild anxiety and depression. There is a need of educational interventions to decline the levels of anxiety and depression among orphans in Rajasthan.[Full Text Article]