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COMPARATIVE STUDY OF CARDIO PULMONARY RESUSCITATION (CPR) TRAINING WITH JIGSAW METHOD AND DEMONSTRATION METHOD ON KNOWLEDGE AND SKILL OF CPR IN CORPS VOLUNTARY STIKES BANYUWANGI
Rudiyanto*, Sri Poeranto, Tina Handayani Nasution
Background: Heart disease is one cause of death at all ages because it can be a major cause of cardiac arrest risk. Out of hospital cardiac arrest is twice as large as the in hospital cardiac arrest. Increasing the individual role that exists in the community as a bystander CPR and being able to perform CPR is a recommended solution. However, CPR training on the general public has not been done much because it still has many obstacles. The selection of effective and efficient training methods will facilitate the implementation of CPR training and increase the number of CPR bystander. Aim: Identify difference of jigsaw and demonstration to CPR knowledge and skill of Corps Voluntary STIKES Banyuwangi. Method: This study use True experiment design with pretest and posttest design with control group design. Used simple random sampling with 48 samples divided into groups of jigsaw and demonstration. Researchers conducted the measurement of knowledge and skills before and after treatment in both groups to know the difference and analyzed using the Mann Whitney test. Results:The Wilcoxon test results on the knowledge variables between pretest and posttest scores of jigsaw and demonstration group p = 0.001 (p <0.05). Skill variable between pretest and posttest score the jigsaw and demonstration group had p = 0,001 (p <0,05). While the Mann Whitney test results the knowledge variable between posttest scores of jigsaw group and posttest scores of demonstration group had significant value (p value) = 0,159 (p> 0,05). The skill variable between posttest score of jigsaw group and posttest score of demonstration group had significant value (p value) = 0.720 (p> 0.05). Conclusion: CPR training with jigsaw method and demonstration method have an effect on increasing of CPR knowledge and skill at Corps Voluntary STIKES Banyuwangi, but between method of jigsaw and method of demonstration there is not difference to CPR knowledge and skill at Corps Voluntary STIKES Banyuwangi.[Full Text Article]