WORLD JOURNAL OF ADVANCE
HEALTHCARE RESEARCH

( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Review Journal for Medical Science and Pharma Professionals
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Indexing

Abstract

ATTITUDE TOWARD BULLYING AS DOMINANT FACTOR RELATED TO BULLYING BEHAVIOR IN ADOLESCENTS (PLANNED BEHAVIOR THEORY APPROACH) IN BULULAWANG

Made Bayu Oka Widiarta*, Wisnu Barlianto, Lilik Supriati

ABSTRACT

Background: Bully is a term used to describe a bullying offender. Bully can cause adolescents to be antisocial, to be less empathetic, dominant, impulsive, irritable, and prone to violent behavior. The handling of bullying cases still focuses on the victim. It takes a behavioral theory approach to maximize interventions to reduce and prevent bullying behavior in adolescents. The Planned Behavior Theory approach consists of external and internal behavioral factors of the bully. Objective: To explain factors related to bullying behavior based on Planned Behavior Theory approach, which consists of attitude toward bullying, peer group proximity, and self-esteem. Methods: Quantitative observational analytic study with cross sectional approach. The sample of this research was students who tend to be bully in SMP Negeri 2 Bululawang. 135 samples were obtained by stratified random sampling. Univariate analysis was used to analyze socio demographic characteristics and each research variables. Multivariate analysis of ordinal logistic regression was used to find out the most dominant factors. Results: Ordinal logistic regression results showed that attitudes toward bullying increased the risk of 9 times bullying behavior in adolescents (OR = 9.036, p = 0.000). On the other hand peer group proximity decreased the risk of 4 times bullying behavior in adolescents (OR = -4.058, p = 0.015) and self esteem was not dominant factor. Conclusion: Factors in accordance with Planned Behavior Theory associated with bullying showed that attitudes toward bullying were the most dominant factor associated with bullying behavior of adolescents.

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