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Best Article of current issue
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EFFECT OF DIFFERENT TYPE AND TEMPERATURE OF IRRIGATION SYSTEMS ON CONTROLLING HEAT GENERATION DURING OSTEOTOMY- A REVIEW
*Dr. Jabeen Anjum, Dr. Supriya Manvi and Dr. Srivatsa G.
Statement of problem: Heat generation during osteotomy is unavoidable and use of irrigation is mandatory. Therefore, this review aims at addressing different types of irrigation systems, and effect of their temperature on controlling the heat generation during osteotomy. Materials and Methods: To identify suitable literature, an electronic search was performed using Medline and Pubmed database. Articles published in between 1960 to 2020 were searched. The search was focused on irrigation systems used during dental implant placement surgery. The initial literature search resulted in 226 articles out of which only 14 articles fulfilled the inclusion criteria and were included in this review. Results: Conclusion: Different irrigation systems are available and there seems to be no consensus on the most recommended method of irrigation. It can be concluded that the drill speed plays an important factor to decide the use of irrigation system for osteotomy. It is mandatory to use external irrigation when higher speeds are used with larger drills. Dual systems can be recommended when longer length osteotomy and enblock resection is performed. Implants placed with irrigation solution of 1°C has shown to have better osseointegration.[Full Text Article]