WORLD JOURNAL OF ADVANCE
HEALTHCARE RESEARCH

( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Review Journal for Medical Science and Pharma Professionals
World Journal of Advance Healthcare Research (WJAHR) has indexed with various reputed international bodies like : Google Scholar , Index Copernicus , SOCOLAR, China , Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN , Cosmos Impact Factor , Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) , UDLedge Science Citation Index , International Impact Factor Services , International Society for Research Activity (ISRA) Journal Impact Factor (JIF) , IFSIJ Measure of Journal Quality , Scientific Journal Impact Factor (SJIF) , International Scientific Indexing, UAE (ISI) (Under Process) , International Impact Factor Services (IIFS) , Web of Science Group (Under Process) , Directory of Research Journals Indexing , Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) , International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) , 

ISSN 2457-0400

Impact Factor  :  5.464

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    Venue: FCT Education Resource Center, Abuja-Nigeria

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Indexing

Abstract

UNDERSTANDING HOW ORAL HEALTH INDICATORS PREDICTS DEPRESSION AND GENDER AMONG UNIVERSITY STUDENTS IN EASTERN NIGERIA

Dr. Agwu Michael Ezenna* and Dr. Iwuoha Egiroghene Carol

ABSTRACT

Background: Oral health is increasingly being recognized by health officials as a mirror image of the overall health. Consequently, monitoring oral health is an essential strategy in monitoring overall health and planning intervention. The mouth is an important factor in social communication and therefore may be the origin of concern not only for a possible health condition but also for frequent psychological alterations leading to social and personal isolation. Monitoring oral health indicators such as teeth cleaning, state of gum and teeth, oral hygiene, source oforal health information etc. may be an important step in predicting oral health status This is the first study that examined the association between oral health indicators with depression and gender.in Nigeria especially among university students. Aims: The aim of this study is to determine the association between oral health indicators with depression and gender. Method: This is a cross sectional descriptive study. Full time university students were recruited from the department of public health in the University of Calabar, Cross River state Nigeria. Data collection was based on an anonymous questionnaire and the sample size was (n= 291). Descriptive tests and chi-square tests were conducted. Results: The study indicated that oral health indicators such as state of the gum and the frequency of teeth cleaning were related to students? depression. On the other hand sources of oral health information and the state of the teeth are significantly related to gender. Conclusion: This study is the first to gauge oral health indicators in in Nigeria and will provide a baseline data for further research within Nigeria, using a larger sample in a quantitative approach. However, the result indicated that oral health should be included in the primary health care and should be considered when planning interventions for depression.

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