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EFFECTIVENESS OF STRUCTURED TEACHING PROGRAMME ON KNOWLEDGE OF WOMEN REGARDING MENOPAUSAL CHANGES IN SELECTED RURAL AREAS OF MYSURU, KARNATAKA
*Ambika K. and Prof. Sheela Williams
Background: Menopause is a unique stage of female reproductive life cycle, a transition from reproductive to non-reproductive stage. It is characterized by cessation of menstruation and women may view menopause as a transition from middle age to old age. Various problems which women experience are depression, anxiety, irritability, low self-esteem, lack of confidence, memory changes, and difficulty in concentration, fatigue and inferiority feelings, vasomotor, instability, hot flashes, headaches, dizziness, diaphoresis, sleeplessness, wrinkling and dying of the skin and loss of hair. Thus women may be hesitant and ignore the unusual and hormonal related symptoms may go undetected resulting in a delay in diagnosis and treatment. Awareness about menopausal symptoms is necessary for women as she is vulnerable to physical and psychological stress and ability to manage and cope up with those symptoms effectively. Methods: The main objective of the study was to determine the effectiveness of structured teaching program on knowledge of women regarding menopausal changes. The research design selected for this study was Pre-experimental - One group pre test post-test design. 30 women were selected from rural areas of Mysuru through convenience sampling technique. Personal proforma was used to assess the selected personal variables of rural women and structured knowledge questionnaire to assess the knowledge of women regarding menopausal changes. Results: The structured teaching programme was effective in increasing the knowledge of rural women regarding menopausal changes as the computed paired„t?= 19.2 p<2.045) is found to be significant at 0.05 level of significance. Conclusion: The study reinforces the need to organize teaching programs which sensitize the rural women to enhance the knowledge regarding menopausal changes.[Full Text Article]