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COMPREHENSIVE APPRAISAL KARNA ROGA W.S.R. KARNASHRAVA IN AYURVEDA & CONTEMPORARY SCIENCE
Dr. Arun Kumar Gupta* Dr. Trupti Gupta and Dr. Satej T. Banne
There is difference of opinions among the Acharya about the total number of karna rogas. In this set of disorders of karna, the diseases belong to Shabdendriya have also been included. Acharya Charaka has described karna rogas in a separate chapter. There is an explanation of these disorders belonging to karna in trimarmiya chikitsa chapter of Charaka Samhita. According to Charaka there are four types of karna rogas based on doshas. They are Vataja, Pittaja, Kaphaja & Sannipataja. In these four types, all the karna rogas are included. Since Charaka belongs to Kayachikitsa School of thoughts, it is natural that a very short description of these disorders of urdhwa jatrugata rogas is found. Charaka has also mentioned a short method of treatment for karna rogas. One, among the treatments is karna purana. Interestingly, there is no mention of disorders of karna pali. (Ch. Chi. 26/71). 1. Vatika Karnaroga 2. Paittika Karnaroga 3. Shalaishmika Karnaroga 4. Sannipatika Karnaroga. According to Sushruta there are 28 types of karna roga as explained in 20th chapter of uttara tantra. Karnashrava is the disease of Karnaroga, it is well described by acharya Sushruta. Karnashrava can compare with Otorrhoea. Avashyaya (Dew), Pratishyaya (Common cold), Jalakrida (water entry in the ear), Karnakanduyana, Mithyayogen shastrasya, Shirobhighata and Prapakat vidradhe are is the main causes of Karnashrava. There are not any specific purvarupa of karnasrava. But increase of wax formation, itching sensation heavyness of the ear can be taken as purvarupa. (A. H. Su. 11/14). Acharya Madhavakara say, that Avyakta lakshana is the purvarupa of vyadhi. Nasya, Dhumapana, Karnapuran, Karna prakshalan and Karna Aschyotan are best modality to treat Karnashrava.[Full Text Article]