WORLD JOURNAL OF ADVANCE
HEALTHCARE RESEARCH

( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Review Journal for Medical Science and Pharma Professionals
World Journal of Advance Healthcare Research (WJAHR) has indexed with various reputed international bodies like : Google Scholar , Index Copernicus , SOCOLAR, China , Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN , Cosmos Impact Factor , Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) , UDLedge Science Citation Index , International Impact Factor Services , International Society for Research Activity (ISRA) Journal Impact Factor (JIF) , IFSIJ Measure of Journal Quality , Scientific Journal Impact Factor (SJIF) , International Scientific Indexing, UAE (ISI) (Under Process) , International Impact Factor Services (IIFS) , Web of Science Group (Under Process) , Directory of Research Journals Indexing , Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) , International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) , 

ISSN 2457-0400

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Indexing

Abstract

THE EFFECT OF AGE, PARITY, AND INCOME ON LOW BIRTH WEIGHT (LBW) IN BONDOWOSO, EAST JAVA, INDONESIA

Sherly Indira Purnama Dewi*, Isa Ma’rufi, Ristya Widi Endah Yani

ABSTRACT

Low Birth Weight (LBW) is the strongest predictor of mortality in the first few months of life and is a major determinant of mortality, morbidity and disability in infancy and childhood. Until now, low birth weight is still a public health problem in many countries, because it is considered to be one of the factors causing infant mortality. Some of the factors that influence the occurrence of LBW are the socio-demographic characteristics of the mother (age less than 20 and more than 34 years old), socioeconomic status, education level. Maternal medical risks before pregnancy also play a role in the incidence of LBW including maternal parity, maternal weight gain during pregnancy, whether or not she has delivered a baby with LBW, and birth spacing. The reproductive health status of the mother at risk of LBW includes the nutritional status of the mother during pregnancy, the status of antenatal care includes the frequency and quality of antenatal care, the health worker at the place for pregnancy examination, the age of the womb at the first pregnancy check-up can also be at risk of giving birth to LBW (Sistriani, 2008). This study aims to analyze the effect of age, parity and income on the incidence of low birth weight in Bondowoso Regency, East Java, Indonesia. This research is categorized into quantitative research using a case control approach, while data analysis uses bivariate data analysis with logistic regression analysis. The research sample was taken by cluster random sampling as many as 192 respondents. The results of data analysis showed the parity variable, and the income showed a value of p <0.05 so that the two variables had an effect on the incidence of LBW.

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