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UNANI CONCEPT OF THE NEPHROLITHIASIS (HISAT-UL-KULIYAH)
Wasim Ahmad, Md. Razi Ahmad, Md. Najibur Rahman and Md. Tanwir Alam*
Hisat-ul-Kuliyah (Nephrolithiasis) is one of the oldest diseases known to human being & has been documented in ancient Greek literature. Urinary stones have been found in Egyptian mummies dating back as far as 7000 years & the symptoms of the condition were described by Hippocrates who suggested that drinking of muddy river water causes the excretion of sand in urine. Roman physician Galen postulated that factors like diet, climate, heredity, gout, race and some abnormalities cause the stone formation. Hisat-ul-Kuliyah has been described by ancient Unani physicians like, Razi, Ibn Sina have discussed the signs, symptoms & complication of the disease. Nephrolithiasis is a common disease with an increasing incidence and prevalence worldwide. Lifestyle and dietary habit implicated in the complex of the metabolic syndrome are important factors contributing to such developments. So, keeping the fact in mind want to summarized concept of Hisat-ul-Kuliyah in the light of classical Unani literature.[Full Text Article]