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PHARMACOLOGICAL AND EDUCATIONAL INTERVENTION FOR THE CONTROL OF INTESTINAL PARASITIC INFECTIONS IN PRE-SCHOOL CHILDREN IN LA PLATA, ARGENTINA
Mínvielle Marta*, Zubiri Karina, De Andrea María, Ceccarelli Soledad, Ciarmela María and Pezzani Betina
This work compares the results of three years of pharmacological and educational intervention (2015-2018) to control intestinal parasites in preschool children from La Plata, Argentina. An exploratory ecological study was carried out. The clinical, socio-clinical-environmental conditions and detection of intestinal parasites were evaluated. After carrying out the therapeutic intervention of the parasitized children, educational workshops were implemented to avoid the return to the disease state and finally, the post-intervention control. In 2015, 45 preschoolers of the 65 enrolled (69.2%) in the Kindergarten completed all stages of the program, in 2018 40 of 62 preschoolers (64.5%) did so. In 2015 we registered 93.3% of parasitized children, of which 60% had helminthes and 93.3% protozoa. In 2018 we registered a decrease of about 51% of parasitized children; the impact being greater in protozoa with a decrease of 63% compared to helminthes whose reduction was 35%. The educational workshops had greater impact on risk behaviors those in children’s hygiene habits. The strategies implemented have had good results with the pharmacological treatment and reduction of risk behaviors, but it has been deficient with respect to the modifications in the personal hygiene of the schoolchildren. Aspects that we must take into account to improve future interventions in the community.[Full Text Article]