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CAN LIPID PROFILE BE USED AS BIOMARKER PREDICTORS OF CARDIOVASCULAR RISKS IN MALE AND FEMALE CHILDREN UNDER AGE 11 YEARS, AS IT DOES FOR MIDDLE AGE AND ELDERLY?
Hussain Al – Wandawi, Hadi Mahdi Salih, Ahmad Arak Kamil, Ali Wahad Enad and Mustafa Nazim Rafeek
Heart disease is the most frequent condition in elderly. Within this age group, cardiovascular disease will remain the leading cause of death. Heart failure, coronary artery disease, and arterial fibrillation are some of the common sequences and reasons. In the last two and a half decades lot of information emerged to show that middle – age and elderly are not the only groups affected by CVD, but children and adolescents as well. Some children have a higher risk for coronary artery disease than others especially if they have family history of heart disease. Some other children are born with congenital heart disease , a type of heart disease that children are born with, usually caused by heart defect that are present at birth .Still other children acquire some risk factors due to sedentary lifestyle, and unhealthy food. With the exception of aging process and inherited - cardiovascular – problems , many others risk factors can be modified if diagnosed and treated early in life , if not, it can lead to heart and circulatory diseases. Screening for CVD at childhood and adolescence stages is one of the effective measures for modifying risk factors for CVD later in life. .The results presented in this study; suggest that lipid profile measurement of children under age 2 years is not recommended for prediction of cardiovascular risk later in life, although it may be required under certain conditions. However, in children age 2 to 5 years and 5 to 10 years such screening is found to be indicative for highlighting some risk factors which if not treated early in life may lead to health problems later in life. Moreover, such early prediction of CV risks, may help in chaining unhealthy sedimentary life style related to CVD later in life. This investigation was extended to include males and females from the same community to explore the prevalence CV risks at mid - aged and in elderly. The results revealed that elderly are at higher risk of CV compared to persons at their middle age persons ObjectiveThe objective of this study was to find out whether lipid profile measurement of children can be useful for cardiovascular risks prediction later in life, or one that can be used to identify children who benefit from treatment.[Full Text Article]