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FILFIL SIYAH (PIPER NIGRUM); THE SPICE OF MEDICINAL IMPORTANCE
Saziya Sohel, Dr. Md. Razi Ahmad, Md Najibur Rahman and Md Tanwir Alam*
Black pepper (well known as Filfil Siyah in Unani system of medicine) is a flowering vine in the family Piperaceae, cultivated for its fruit, known as a peppercorn, which is usually dried and used as a spice and seasoning. When fresh and fully mature, the fruit is about 5 mm (0.20 in) in diameter and dark red, and contains a single seed, like all drupes. Peppercorns and the ground pepper derived from them may be described simply as pepper, or more precisely as black pepper (cooked and dried unripe fruit), green pepper (dried unripe fruit), or white pepper (ripe fruit seeds).1 The use of Piper nigrum since ancient times in different alternative system of medicine like Unani, Ayurveda etc. for the treatment of Nafakh-e-Shikam (Flatulence in the stomach), Waj-ul-Meda (Gastric Pain), Zof-e-Ishteha (Anorexia) it is also used as Kasir-r-Riyah (Carminative), Mudir-e-Baul (Diuretic), Mudir-e-Haiz (Emmenagogue), Muharrik (Stimulant), Munaffis wa Mukhrij (Expectorant), Muqawwi-e-Medah-wa-Jigar (Liver and Gastric tonic), Daf-e-Humuzat (Antacid), Muqawwi-e-Aasab (Nervine Tonic), Muqawwi-e-Bah (Aphrodisiac) etc. Several studies have been carried out for the therapeutic evaluation of its efficacy and safety. So, I want to compile and summarized all the literature at one space.[Full Text Article]