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SANITARY ANTECEDENTS AND NUTRITIONAL STATUS OF PREGNANT WOMEN ATTENDING ON CHU OF COCODY-ABIDJAN (COTE D'IVOIRE)
Dr. Essé Sonia-Estelle*, Apkoué N’Zi Ambroise, Kouamé Konan Joel and Amoikon Kouakou Ernest
This survey was conducted to evaluate the sanitary antecedents, and to determine the nutritional status of pregnant women. The target population consisted of 504 pregnant women, aged 15 to 44, who were admitted to the Gynecology and Obstetrics Department of the University Hospital Center in Cocody-Abidjan (Côte d'Ivoire). The results show that one-third of these pregnant women have previously undergone surgery, and that 35.52 % have pathological antecedents. In this study population, 41.27 % are nulliparous, 20.04 % are primigest and 0.99 % of these women are mothers of 2 children under 5 years of age. 60.52 % of respondents never voluntarily interrupted a pregnancy, against 39.48 % who have already had an abortion, at least once in their life. Of those surveyed, 24.8 % had at least one miscarriage, and 20.44 % had cesarean deliveries. With regard to the term of pregnancy, 2.98 % of these women have already given birth prematurely. The inter-reproductive interval concerns 58.73 % of women. The number of prenatal consultations (PNC) was reported each trimester of pregnancy. Thus, the highest rate is for women who received 2 PNC in the first trimester (56.55 %), 3 PNC in the 2nd trimester (46.64 %) and 4 PNC in the 3rd trimester of pregnancy (43.65 %). Anthropometric measurements show that in early pregnancy, 38.89 % of these pregnant women are overweight, 49.21 % are in satisfactory weight and 11.9 % are undernourished.[Full Text Article]