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THE BAY LEAVES TEA CAN DECREASE CHOLESTEROL LEVELS OF PATIENTS WITH CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE
Susyani*, Ahmad Zurio and Terati
Background: Cardiovascular disease is the number one cause of death globally. Cardiovascular disease causes 75% of deaths that occur in countries with middle and low earnings in the world, one of them is Indonesia (WHO, 2015). The causes of cardiovascular disease are unhealthy diet, lack of activity, obesity, high cholesterol, age, etc. Bay leaves contain flavonoids, tannins, saponins, and niacin which can reduce cholesterol levels.Objective: The purpose of this study is to know the effect of bay leaves tea to reduce total cholesterol levels of patients with cardiovascular disease. Method: The type of research used is an experiment by pretest and posttest with a control group design. The treated group got 1 gram bay leaves tea twice per day in a week. The research samples were chosen by systematic random sampling with the total of treated group samples and control samples are 30 respondents each. Data analyses of this research are paired sample t-test and independent t-test. Result: The paired sample t-test showed that there was an effect of bay leaves tea towards total cholesterol, HDL and LDL with p-value (<0.05). The Independent t-test showed LDL has a significant difference between treated and control with p-value (<0.05). Conclusion: the bay leaves tea can decrease total cholesterol levels of cardiovascular patients especially the reduction of LDL level.[Full Text Article]