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UNDERSTANDING EPIDEMICS WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO COVID-19: A REVIEW OF THE AYURVEDIC CLASSICS
Dr. Dilip Kr. Goswami*
The term “Epidemic” means “a sudden outbreak of infectious disease that spreads rapidly through the population, affecting a large proportion of people”. Similarly “Pandemic” is a technical word used to indicate “an epidemic so widely spread that vast number of people in different countries are affected”. These two words cause panic among the common citizen, cause extra ordinary alertness in the administration and raise brain storming situation among the researchers and scientists. In such situations the health workers have to stand as the soldiers to fight for the administration. They have to forget food, rest and sleep. Public co-operation is must to overcome such situations successfully. “COVID-19” the situation caused by the dreadful virus “CORONA” is now standing as the great challenge for the human society. Life of the citizen is in danger irrespective of age,sex,religion, caste , financial condition and profession. Starting from China it has already caused havoc in the developed countries and now affecting India. Looking back to the ancient medical system, specially of India, Ayurveda, it is observed that, there are some facts in Charaka Samhita, Susruta Samhita, Ashtanga Hridaya and Ashtanga Sangraha that have similarity with the present situations viz.endemic and pandemic. The facts mentioned in these ancient books regarding aetiology, diagnosis, treatment and prevention can also be taken in consideration for application in present situation also. A discussion on the descriptions of the ancient Ayurvedic scholars with special reference to the epidemic/pandemic like situations, aetiology, diagnosis, treatment prevention etc. is considered to have great importance in present situation.[Full Text Article]