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THE ACHARYA TECHNIQUE AS HEALTH CARE MEASURE FOR LOWER BACK PAIN
Lala Ram Yadav* (Rahul) and Dr. Bhartendra Sharma
Health is the state of complete physical, social, mental and spiritual well being, not merely the absence of disease or deformity. (WHO) But any fluctuation in these states may originate and trigger irritation, lack of interest in work or an obstruction in day to day life practices. Pain is an unpleasant sensory, emotional and subjective experience associated with actual or potential tissue damage. Lower Back Pain (LBP) is defined as discomfort in the spinal area below the level of 12th rib and above the gluteal folds experienced at least once a month, with or without radiation into the leg. The nurses working in ICU and OT experience lower back pain more frequently due to bending forward for long durations, over-forcing /over-loading some body parts while repositioning patients and sparing more time for patient care. From the above risk factors the nurses become less efficient, receive medical leave/retire early. Lower back pain can be treated by medications, mobilization, stretching exercise, stabilization exercise, ergonomic advice and postural advice and home remedies. Exercise plays an important role in preventing and reducing lower back pain by strengthening the back muscles and improving flexibility. Acharya Technique is a simple natural stretching exercises consisting of 5 steps each with half a minute duration to strengthen the lower back muscles and to reduce lower back pain. This exercise can be practiced by nurses for 15 minutes daily for 15 days to strengthen lower back muscles and to reduce lower back pain. Literature reviews proved that stretching exercise were effective in reduction of lower back pain. Acharya Technique is a simple stretching exercises consisting of 5 steps each with half a minute duration to strengthen lower back muscles and to reduce low back pain. This exercise can be practiced by nurses for 3-5 minutes daily for 15 days to strengthen lower back muscles and to reduce low back pain.[Full Text Article]