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A STUDY ON MAJOR CAUSES OF ORGAN CONDEMNATION IN SMALL RUMINANTS SLAUGHTERED AT HASHIM NUR’S MEAT EXPORT ABATTOIR
The study was conducted from September 2016 to January 2017 with the aim of to identify and determine the major causes of organ condemnation in sheep and goats slaughtered at Hashim Nur’s Ethiopian Livestock and Meat export (HELIMEX) abattoir in Bishoftu. During the study, standard anti and post mortem slaughter inspection procedures were followed throughout the study period with the former being carried out in the lairage with recording the abnormalities encountered, on the prepared format, followed by post slaughter examination through their identification number to detect the causes that rendered each affected organ to be rejected from local and international markets. A total of 768 animals (384 each of sheep and goats) were slaughtered and 3840 organs were examined post slaughtered. Out of the total organs examined, 397(51.69%) livers, 600(78.13%) lungs 71(9.24%) hearts and 130(8.46%) kidneys (one or both of the right and left) were condemned summing up to give a total of 1198(31.198%) condemned organs. Reasons for the condemnation were: hepatitis 21(2.73%), cirrhosis 27(3.52%), fasciollosis 26 (3.3%), hydatidosis 8(1.04%), Stelesia hepatica 31(4.04%), cysticercosis 93(12.11%). And calcification 191(24.87%) on liver; emphysema 128(16.67%), pneumonia 402(52.34%), abscess 23(2.99%), hydatidosis 15 (1.95%), marbling 24(3.13%) and calcification 8(1.04%), on lung; pericarditis 40(5.21%), hydro pericardium 6(0.78%) and calcification 25(3.26%) on heart and nephritis 78(10.16%), Nephrosis 39(5.08%) and abscess 13(1.69%) on kidney. In conclusions results of the present study justify immediate need of prevention of various pathogens that causes organ and carcass condemnation and pathological abnormalities through development of animal health delivery enforcement of slaughter policy, education on animal welfare/humane slaughter and training of slaughterhouse personnel on standard slaughter operations.[Full Text Article]