WORLD JOURNAL OF ADVANCE
HEALTHCARE RESEARCH

( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Review Journal for Medical Science and Pharma Professionals
World Journal of Advance Healthcare Research (WJAHR) has indexed with various reputed international bodies like : Google Scholar , Index Copernicus , SOCOLAR, China , Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN , Cosmos Impact Factor , Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) , UDLedge Science Citation Index , International Impact Factor Services , International Society for Research Activity (ISRA) Journal Impact Factor (JIF) , IFSIJ Measure of Journal Quality , Scientific Journal Impact Factor (SJIF) , International Scientific Indexing, UAE (ISI) (Under Process) , International Impact Factor Services (IIFS) , Web of Science Group (Under Process) , Directory of Research Journals Indexing , Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) , International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) , 

ISSN 2457-0400

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Indexing

Abstract

PREVALENCE OF DIAGNOSED AND NEWLY DIAGNOSED DIABETES MELLITUS AND ITS RELATED FACTORS IN EAST WOLLEGA ZONE, WEST ETHIOPIA

Amsalu Taye Wondemagegn*, Habtamu Mellie Bizuayehu, Melese Chego Cheme, Emiru Adeba Gerbi, Hylemariam Mihiretie Mengist

ABSTRACT

Background: Currently the chronic illness status primarily the status of diabetes mellitus and its related complications are become a rapidly appearing significant public health problems especially in developing countries like Ethiopia. Thus knowing its level urge to design appropriate strategic interventions targeted at decreasing the burden of this existing problem. Objective: To assess prevalence of diagnosed and newly diagnosed diabetes mellitus and its related factors in east Wollega zone, West Ethiopia. Methods: A community based cross-sectional study was conducted in east Wollega from March 1 to May 30, 2016. About 576 planned study participants were selected using multi stage sampling method. Pretested interviewer administered structured questionnaire were used for this study. Results: The overall prevalence of diabetes mellitus in the study area was 16.4%. More than half (52.9%) of recognized diabetics were not diagnosed before the study. The prevalence was higher among urban (17.7%) residents than those rural (14.4%) inhabitants. Low physical activity level (AOR=3.412, 95%CI=1.318, 8.83), sedentary behavior for 4 and more hours (AOR=2.334, 95%CI=1.051, 5.18), diabetes family history (AOR=2.846, 95%CI=1.072, 7.552) and older age participants (AOR=4.978, 95%CI=1.205, 20.56) were significantly associated with the occurrence of diabetes mellitus among the study participants. Conclusions: In general the findings of the present study revealed that the magnitude of diabetes mellitus in the study area is higher and more importantly a relative larger proportion of identified diabetic patients were not diagnosed prior to this study; thus urge special attention. The odds of diabetes mellitus was significantly higher among those participants with; diabetes family history, older age group, low physical activity level and sitting behavior for 4 and more hours. Thus to minimize diabetes mellitus associated trauma, structured efforts of concerned local administrative body as well as organizations working on diabetes is necessarily to provide early therapeutic service as well as creating and increasing awareness on how to control blood glucose level in the study area.

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