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A STUDY TO ASSESS THE EFFECTIVENESS OF PLANNED TEACHING PROGRAMME ON KNOWLEDGE REGARDING COLOSTOMY SKIN CARE OF CHILDREN AMONG CAREGIVERS IN SELECTED HOSPITALS OF SANGLI, MIRAJ, KUPWAD CORPORATION AREA
Ninad Nandkumar Sakate*
Background of Study - Caring for a new baby or raising a young child is a wonderful, life-enhancing experience. It is also a challenge, even in the best of circumstances. If a child needs colostomy surgery, parent’s happiness will no doubt be mixed with concern over the special care that is needed. A colostomy may be a new type of surgery, but it is not an unusual type of operation for infants and children, although it is more common in adults. There are many reasons why a newborn or child may need a colostomy. It is often a life-saving operation It can be difficult to watch a little one undergo colostomy surgery, even when it is know it may have been a lifesaving procedure. Many parents are often in a state of shock and disbelief. It is also not uncommon to feel helpless and have some fear and anxiety about caring for a child after surgery. Take heart in knowing that with support, patience, and a little practice, the parents should soon feel more comfortable caring for their child’s colostomy needs. Aim: To provide the knowledge to caregivers regarding colostomy skin care of children to prevent the infection. OBJECTIVES - To assess the existing knowledge and practice of caregivers regarding colostomy skin care. To assess the effectiveness of planned teaching programme and demonstration on knowledge and practice of caregivers related to colostomy skin care. To find out association between pretest knowledge score with selected demographic variables. Material and Methods - A planned teaching programme on knowledge regarding colostomy skin care of children among caregivers in selected hospitals of sangli, miraj, kupwad corporation area. In this study the structured questionnaire was worded in a manner that could minimize the risk of response biases, enhance clarity and unambiguity and be courteous to the needs and rights of respondents especially when asking question of highly private nature. Result – In age maximum caregivers (53.5%) belonged to the age group of 20-25 years. In education maximum caregivers (30%) had educated both primary education and higher secondary education. In occupation 43.3% of both types of caregivers were housewife and doing job. In family income maximum caregivers (46.7%) having family income from Rs. 5000 to 10000. In type of family maximum of caregivers (56.7%) were from joint family (17). In residential area both of caregivers (50%) were living in rural as well as in urban area. Maximum of caregivers (83.3%) having no previous exposure to knowledge (25) maximum percent of knowledge was (53.3) which were within average level category (10-17). 46.6 percent of caregivers were in the level of good category. maximum percent of knowledge was (96) which were within good level (18-25). And 3.3 percent of caregivers were in the level of average category (10-17). pretest knowledge score is 3.4 and mean of posttest knowledge score is 3.97 maximum (63.3) caregivers have average pretest practice score (5-8) maximum (76.66) caregivers have good posttest practice score (9-11) mean of pretest practice score is 3.03 and mean of posttest practice score is 3.77. which indicates Planned health teaching was effective. Conclusion - This chapter dealt with research approach, research design, setting of the study, population, sample, sampling technique, sample size, sampling criteria, data collection techniques and instrument, description of the tool, validity, reliability, pilot study, collection of data and plan for data analysis.[Full Text Article]