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MALARIA/TYPHOID CO-INFECTION AMONG PATIENTS ATTENDING HEALTH FACILITIES IN GARKI, ABUJA, NIGERIA
*Olanrewaju, Comfort A., Victoria Titus, Grace Osula and Idris S. Mohammed
Most cases of malaria/typhoid co-infections are based on mere assumptions, so this study was carried out to determine the actual rate of co-infection of Malaria/Typhoid fever in patients attending health facilities in Garki Abuja. A total of eight hundred (800) blood samples were collected from patients with febrile illness attending a health facility in Area 11, Garki and another in Garki 2, Abuja between the month of April and July. Blood samples were subjected to microscopic examination for the identification of Plasmodium parasites, Widal agglutination test for the identification of antibodies of Salmonella typhi. Overall malaria/typhoid co-infection rate from this study was 50.63%. Malaria infection accounted for 76.13% while typhoid infection was 69.25%. Male gender recorded a higher co infection rate of 54.29% when compared with the female with 48.10%. Age group 31-40 years had the highest co-infection rate (58.50%) and the least was recorded at the age group 51-60 years. PCV range <31% had significant highest prevalence of 90.20% and 72.55% for malaria and typhoid respectively (p<0.05). Observation from the study area showed that they were endemic for malaria parasite infection/Salmonella sp infection. There should be public enlightenment on the preventive and control measures of the two diseases. Also, personal hygiene is hereby encouraged among the populace.[Full Text Article]