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LITERARY REVIEW OF PATHOGNOMONIC SIGNS IN AYURVEDIC OPHTHALMOLOGY
Dr. Arohi Parmar*, Dr. Pratik Laddha, Dr. Manjiri Keskar and Dr. Shivkant Sharma
Medical diagnosis (abbreviated Dx or DS) is the process of determining which disease or condition explains a person's symptoms and signs. It is most often referred to as diagnosis with the medical context being implicit. The information required for diagnosis is typically collected from a history and physical examination of the person seeking medical care. Often, one or more diagnostic procedures, such as diagnostic tests, are also done during the process. For the diagnosis of the disease in primary level, often signs and symptoms are used. Pathognomonic is a term, often used in medicine that means characteristic for a particular disease. A pathognomonic sign is a particular sign whose presence means that a particular disease is present beyond any doubt. Labelling a sign or symptom "pathognomonic" represents a marked intensification of a "diagnostic" sign or symptom. In Ayurvedic ophthalmology, Acharya have described some signs comparing with conditions seen in nature around us to diagnose the disease.[Full Text Article]