WORLD JOURNAL OF ADVANCE
HEALTHCARE RESEARCH

( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Review Journal for Medical Science and Pharma Professionals
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Indexing

Abstract

THE EFFECT OF PREOPERATIVE INCENTIVE SPIROMETRY WITH PATIENT EDUCATION ON POSTOPERATIVE COMPLICATIONS IN BARIATRIC SURGERY PATIENTS: A RETROSPECTIVE CHART REVIEW

Suja John FNP*, Denise Mockler FNP, Rosemary John ANP, Erin Dugger ANP, Brittany Mockler RN, Mary McCormack FNP, Sandra Roth ANP, Yonie Hippias ANP, Julie Mathew FNP, Evgenia Mayvaldov ANP, Joanne Blauvelt ANP, Deborah Ludy ANP, Chih Yu Yin FNP

ABSTRACT

Research Question: Will bariatric surgery patients receiving pre-operative Incentive Spirometry (POISE) education at PST have less post-operative respiratory complications than bariatric surgery patients that did not receive pre-operative IS education. Background information/Significance: The prevalence of morbid obesity and metabolic disease have increased in the US over the past decade. As a result bariatric surgery rates have increased. While bariatric surgery is an effective and safe procedure with mortality becoming increasingly rare, complications can occur .Respiratory complications are the leading cause of morbidity and mortality following major abdominal surgery and patients who undergo bariatric surgery are particularly at risk as intrathoracic and abdominal fat can restrict lung expansion and decrease reserve volumes. Incentive spirometry (IS) devices are provided to surgical patients postoperatively to facilitate effective inspiration while offering visual feedback in terms of inspired flow and volume. These devices are designed to mimic natural signing and yawning by encouraging the patient to take long deep breaths. While the use of IS devices has gained popularity several systematic reviews including a recent analysis conducted by the Cochrane group found that the effectiveness of IS was inconsistent .Since this review a greater emphasis has been placed on patient education and use of IS. Research design: Retrospective chart review of patients undergoing bariatric surgery between May 2014–August 2016, ACE star model of knowledge transformation. Results: Data for 322 patients receiving IS with and without POISE (194 vs 128) undergoing laparoscopic vertical sleeve gastrectomy with or without lap-band removal was collected. While groups were similar with respect to demographics (age, gender and BMI) and characteristics such as ASA physical status, current smoking, OSA and other respiratory comorbidities, POISE+ group had a higher incidence of COPD (14.95% vs 4.69%, p=0.004). With respect to outcomes 5.15% (n=10) of patients in [POISE+] experienced respiratory complications vs 2.34% (n=3), p=0.21 in [POISE-] group. A composite outcome of respiratory, thromboembolic, bleeding complications and readmissions occurred in 9.79% (n=19) of [POISE+] patients vs 6.25% in [POISE-] patients, p=0.26. Conclusion/Implication for practice: Our data shows that spirometry patient education is not associated with significantly reduced respiratory complications. However given our limited sample size, the observational nature of the study and higher number of COPD patients in the education group it is difficult to draw definitive conclusions from our data. We propose to perform a randomized trial to ensure more balanced distribution of pre-existing comorbidities allowing for a more rigorous evaluation of the efficacy of spirometry education.

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