WORLD JOURNAL OF ADVANCE
HEALTHCARE RESEARCH

( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Review Journal for Medical Science and Pharma Professionals
World Journal of Advance Healthcare Research (WJAHR) has indexed with various reputed international bodies like : Google Scholar , Index Copernicus , SOCOLAR, China , Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN , Cosmos Impact Factor , Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) , UDLedge Science Citation Index , International Impact Factor Services , International Society for Research Activity (ISRA) Journal Impact Factor (JIF) , IFSIJ Measure of Journal Quality , Scientific Journal Impact Factor (SJIF) , International Scientific Indexing, UAE (ISI) (Under Process) , International Impact Factor Services (IIFS) , Web of Science Group (Under Process) , Directory of Research Journals Indexing , Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) , International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) , Academia , Scope Database , 

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Indexing

Abstract

THE ASSOCIATION OF CONGENITAL HEART DEFECTS WITH CLEFT LIP AND PALATE IN PEDIATRICS IN AL-KHANSAA TEACHING HOSPITAL, MOSUL CITY

*Dr. Mohammed Essmat Ahmed Albudawlah, Dr. Sinan Nief Lotfi Alharrah, Dr. Noorhan Dhannoon Younus Tahhan

ABSTRACT

Background: Congenital malformations, caused by hereditary, environmental, or unidentified factors, arestructural and functional anomalies leading to chromosomal disorders, talipes equinovarus, cleft lip and palate,anencephaly, spina bifida, and respiratory system disorders. Aim of study: To examine the relationship betweenCHD and cleft lip and palate in pediatric patients at Mosul's Al-Khansaa Teaching Hospital as well as thevariations in CHD according to gender. Patients and Methods: The study, conducted at Al-Khansaa TeachingHospital in Mosul, focused on pediatric patients with cleft lip or palate, and collected data from April 2019 toApril 2020. The patients were sent for an Echo study to detect congenital heart defects and identify their types,with statistical analysis using SPSS-26. Results: The study involved 58.5% males and 41.5% females, with a maleto female ratio of 1:0.7. A positive family history was found in 26.4% of the sample, with 25.8% of males havingit. Congenital heart defects were found in 26.4% of patients, with ASD II being the most common type. Cleft lipand palate were found in 47.2% of patients, with higher frequencies in males. The study found that 50.0% ofpatients had both, 14.3% had only the lip, and 35.7% had only the palate. Male patients with congenital heartdefects were more frequent than females. Conclusion: The study found low congenital heart disease prevalence inorofacial cleft patients, emphasizing the need for routine echocardiography in children, and suggests futureresearch for accurate diagnosis.

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