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PREVALENCE OF SUICIDAL IDEATION AMONG COFFEE SHOPS' GOERS
*Siham Kadhim Salman Al-Rahma, Salah Salman Abd Al-Bundi, Marwa Mohammed Ali Neamah, Besmah M. Ali and Prof. Jawad K. Al-Diwan
Background: Suicidal ideations, often called suicidal thoughts or ideas, is a broad term used to describe a range of contemplations, wishes, and preoccupations with death and suicide. Suicide and suicidality in Iraq are on the increase even though it is believed to be underreported. Many socio-demographic, psychological and environmental factors predispose to ideation, attempts, and completed suicides despite the religious and social taboos. Study objective: to highlight the prevalence of suicidal ideation among coffee shops' goers. Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out for four months, from June to September in 2023. It was conducted at 10 coffee shops which were selected randomly and were distributed in different areas of Baghdad-Iraq. All individuals who were present at the study area during the period of data collection were included in the study. An interview was done with participants in the coffee shops. Collecting data was done by using a structured questionnaire. A questionnaire of 2 parts; Sociodemographic features and suicidal ideation features. Suicidal ideation was determined by using a subscale of Colombia Suicide Severity Rating Scale-screening version(C-SSRS). Chi square and fisher’s exact tests were used alternatively. Results: The total study sample was 157 participants. Their age ranged from 16 to 59 years old. The largest proportion of them were males (68.8%). Suicidal ideation was prevalent among 40.1% of the study sample and it was significantly affected by some of the sociodemographic characteristics (sex, marital status and employment), health status and social connectedness of the participants. Conclusions: prevalence of suicidal ideation was high among coffee shops' goers.[Full Text Article]