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World Journal of Advance Healthcare Research (WJAHR)Honored the authors with best paper award, monthly based on the innovation of research work. Best paper will be selected by our expert panel.
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THE ROLE OF SCREENING IN DETECTION OF BREAST CANCER IN ASYMPTOMATIC WOMEN AT ALYARMOOK TEACHING HOSPITAL IN BAGHDAD 2021-2022
*Dr. Farah Qahtan Mahgoob, Prof. Jawad K. Al-Diwan and Radhwan Raad Hussein
Introduction: Breast cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer in women worldwide, and organised national mammographic screening has become the gold standard for early breast cancer detection in the majority of developed nations. Objective: To evaluate and emphasize the performance of breast cancer screening program and to determine the role of screening in detection of Breast Cancer in asymptomatic women at Alyarmook Teaching hospital in Baghdad. Materials and Methods: This retrospective study during the period from January 2021- December 2022 done in breast clinic at Alyarmook Teaching hospital in Baghdad. In 2021, the total number of patients (6331) from which symptomatic patients was (5645) while (672) asymptomatic. In 2022 was (8744), from which (6968) symptomatic while (1776) come for screening (asymptomatic). Self-referring women under and over age 40 years, for screening purpose done by using digital mammography and ultrasound. Results: the total number of participants in this study was 6331 during 2021, from there 672 were screened to detect cancer without symptoms, (348) patients who screened had results of U/S & Mammography BIRAD.[1,2,3] while (13) patients who screened had BIRAD.[4,5] The number of symptomatic patients was 5659 (89.38%). The number of patients with breast cancer was 59 (0.93%). Total number of participants in this study was (8744) during 2022, and that 1776 (20.3%) of them were screened to detect cancer without symptoms. Patients who screened with results of U/S, mammography BIRAD.[1,2,3] was 1729 (19.77%), while with BIRAD.[4,5] was 47 (0.56%). Also symptomatic patients was 6968 (79.68%) and number of patients with breast cancer was 74 (0.84%) during 2022. Conclusions: Individual opportunistic breast cancer screening programmers increase the early detection rate of breast cancer and increase asymptomatic women's health awareness of the importance of breast cancer screening.[Full Text Article]