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COMPARATIVE STUDY BETWEEN BAGHDAD'S AND NAJAF'S BREAST CANCER PATIENTS REGARDING BREAST CANCER RISK FACTORS
Fatimah Mustafa Mohammed*, Basmah M. Ali, Lamees Adnan Shubber and Farah Qahtan Mahgoob
Introduction: Cancer of breast is the most commonly diagnosed cancer in female with an estimated 2.1 million cases being diagnosed newly each year and representing 24.2% of all cancer diagnoses among female. Aim: to compare certain risk factors of cancer of breast between Baghdad's and Najaf's patients in order to determine which factor increases the risk of cancer of breast. Method: Across sectional study was conducted on patients with diagnosed cancer of breast coming to both breast clinic in Al -Yarmouk (Baghdad) and middle Euphrates center for cancerous tumor in al-najaf city since 1st of July 2021 till 1st of July 2022. Results: The results of the current study reveal (93.1%) in Najaf were more than 45 years while in Baghdad less than half of patient (46.7%) were in the same age group and this difference was statistically significant (p=0.00). In Najaf more than half of patient (52.7%) had age of menopause at or more than 50 years compared to patients (28%) in Baghdad, this difference was statistically significant (p=0.000). There was significant difference between the two groups regarding age at first pregnancy(p=0.00). Regarding the use of oral contraceptives pills, (72.5%) of patient from Baghdad group reported the use of oral contraceptives compared to (54.2%) patient in Najaf, and this difference was statistically significant (p=0.003). There was significant difference between the two groups in number of children(p=0.004). Conclusion: There is significant difference in cancer of breast risk factors between patients in Baghdad and Najaf regarding age of the patients, age at menopause, age at first pregnancy, using of contraceptive pills and number of children, this may be due to genetic, environmental, hormonal, and racial factors.[Full Text Article]