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A STUDY TO ASSESS THE EFFECT OF PLANNED TEACHING REGARDING THE POST MASTECTOMY EXERCISES ON PRACTICES AMONG THE WOMEN UNDERGOING MASTECTOMY IN SELECTED ONCOLOGY CENTERS OF SANGLI, MIRAJ, KUPWAD CORPORATION AREA
Sanambi Alam Shaikh*
Background: Breast is the mental personality of a woman's sexual conceit. The surgical procedure for breast cancer is a mastectomy. Mastectomy is the surgical removal of one or both breasts, either partly or completely. Following mastectomy probable complications are likely to occur and lymphedema is one of the dreadful complications. Post mastectomy exercises play an important role in prevention of complications by releasing muscular tension, preventing contractures and restoring strength. Objectives: To assess the existing practices regarding the post mastectomy exercises. To assess the practices after planned teaching regarding the post mastectomy exercises. To compare pre-test practices score with post-test practices score. To find out the association of pre-test practices score with selected demographic variables. Hypothesis of the study: H0 – There is no significant difference between pre-test and post-test practices score regarding the post mastectomy exercises among the women undergoing mastectomy. H1 – There is significant difference between pre-test and post-test practices score regarding the post mastectomy exercises among the women undergoing mastectomy. Materials and methods: A pre-experimental one group pre-test post-test research design without control group approach was undertaken among the women who undergone mastectomy at selected oncology centers of Sangli, Miraj, Kupwad corporation area. A total of 25 pre-operative women who undergoing mastectomy were selected using non probability purposive sampling technique. Observation checklist tool was used to evaluate the effect of planned teaching regarding the post mastectomy exercises. The planned teaching with demonstration of post mastectomy exercises was given after pre-test and on the 7th day post-test was given with redemonstrations of performed exercises. Results and Conclusion: The findings of the study showed that, the pre-test practices score was (13.08 ± 2.25) and in the post-test practices score was (17.56 ± 3.59). The statistics value of the t value was 5.58373 and p value 0.00001. Shows the significant difference in the pre-test and post-test practices score regarding post mastectomy exercises. The findings of the study showed that the post-test practices score was higher than the pre-test practices score. Hence the planned teaching had improved practices of exercises.[Full Text Article]