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COMPREHENSIVE STUDY OF SURGICAL INSTRUMENTS UTILIZED IN STRI ROGA AND PRASUTI TANTRA
Dr. Sangita Chaturbady* and Dr. Kulkarni Ashvini Gangadhar
The health care system of ancient India has specific and broadly developed branches for different aspects of human health prospective both on curative as well as preventive or static measures of body physiology. One such specific division called as Stree Roga and Prasuti Tantra consisted under the Astanga of Kaumarabhrutya of the Ayurveda and deals with the health prospective of female specially their intero-genital and reproductive aspects. Under its management and curative protocols there are several surgical instruments should also be mentioned and stated in different literatures or text of Ayurveda, which need to be described in detailed in an analytical view. In our ancient literatures, various surgical instruments, Yantra, Shastra and procedures are described in detail, also their detailed description against in different branches of Ayurveda for their clinical significance is broadly available in the classics of medical and operational procedures. Among them our hands Hasta is considered to be the Pradhanatama yantra because of the degree of utilities of those surgical instruments are simplified due to the human hands. At present the available surgical instruments such as forceps, dilators, speculums, needles, lancets, etc. are similar to that of the described in ancient text of Ayurveda and not exceeded to 101 Yantras and 20 Shastras, there may be a modification. Sandamsha Yantra, Naadi Yantra, Shalaka Yantra, Mandalagra Shastra, Vetasapatra Shastra, Suchi, Shararimukha Shastra etc are some examples. Among them blunt and sharp instruments are described in detail to perform various procedures in Stree Roga and Prasuti Tantra.[Full Text Article]