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ASSOCIATION BETWEEN CLINICAL AND HISTOPATHOLOGICAL DIAGNOSES IN ORAL CAVITY LESIONS
Zahraa Raifd Hasan* and Wissam Abdulateef Hussein
Introduction: The oral cavity is a home to a varied range of swellings, benign, and malignant salivary gland growths, odontogenic and non-odontogenic tumor. Identification and management of lesions in oral cavity are known as essential portions of buccal care, the aim is to: Study the correlation between clinical and histopathological diagnoses and to Find out the association with age, gender, and site. Method: This was a hospital-based retrospective cross-sectional study of 193 individuals with oral cavity lesions. Inclusion criteria were specimens that were adequately preserved and representative of the lesion, whereas exclusion criteria were inadequately preserved specimens; neoplasms arising from the nasopharynx or oropharynx; bone tumours of the mandible and maxilla; and specimens that were not representative of the lesion and patients on chemotherapy or immunotherapy. Patients’ age, gender, site of lesion inside oral cavity, types of neoplasm, and clinical features and presentations were taken from patient records. Results: Mean age of patients [42.7±21.3] years. [22.3%] of patients at 41-50 years old group, then [22.8%] of patients at >60 years. [55.4%] of patients were males and [44.6%] of patients were females. [46.1%] of patients had a lesion in the tongue while [20.7%] of patients had a lesion in the lower lip. [79.3%] of patients presented as a mass and [17.1%] of patients presented as ulcer. [39.38%] of patients had malignant type of oral lesion, [36.27%] had benign lesion, and [19.69%] of patients had non neoplastic lesion. There was a significant association between the types of neoplasm and (age groups, gender, site, and clinical features). Conclusion: Most of the patients in current study had malignant type of oral lesion, [36.27%] had benign lesion, and [19.69%] of patients had non neoplastic lesion. Females in age group more than 60 years old were the most common to have malignancy. Most of the patients had lesions in the tongue and had a mass as a clinical feature. There is significant association between the type of neoplasm and (age group, gender, site, and clinical features).[Full Text Article]