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KNOWLEDGE AND PRACTICE OF THE FARMERS REGARDING PREVENTION AND MANAGEMENT OF ILL EFFECTS OF CHEMICAL PESTICIDES
Meenu Sharma, Dharmveer Kharol, Mahendra Kharol, Yashwant Ramawat and Sharughan Pareek*
Introduction: Pesticides, despite their known toxicity, are widely used in developing countries for agricultural purposes. Occupational poisoning with pesticides is common in developing countries.The present study has been undertaken with the aim evaluating the effectiveness of planned teaching programme in terms of knowledge and practice of the farmers regarding prevention and management of ill effects of chemical pesticides in selected rural area of Delhi. Methods and materials: A pre-experimental one group pre-posttest design was used among 50 farmers who were selected by purposive sampling technique. Data was collected using structured interview schedule and adapted and approved checklist. Data was entered using Epi-Info and analyzed using SPSS version 20. Results: The mean posttest knowledge scores (18.48) of the farmers was higher than their mean pre test scores (8.36). The obtained mean difference (10.12) between the post test and pre test knowledge scores of farmers was found to be statistically significant as evident from the “t” value 28.11for df (49) at 0.05 level. The mean post test expressed practice scores (17.84) of the farmers was higher than their pre test scores (8.3). The obtained mean difference (9.54) between the post test and pre test practice scores of the farmers was found to be statistically significant as evident from the “t” value 28.90 for df (49) at 0.05 level. Both the knowledge and practical competency scores showed highly significant increment after the intervention, showing that the research hypothesis was accepted. Conclusion: Farm workers in the India used pesticides extensively. Prevention and intervention programmes regarding the use of protective measures and monitoring the health status of farm workers should be implemented. The results of this study indicate that most farm workers need more educational programs regarding the safety and use of pesticides.[Full Text Article]