WORLD JOURNAL OF ADVANCE
HEALTHCARE RESEARCH

( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Review Journal for Medical Science and Pharma Professionals
World Journal of Advance Healthcare Research (WJAHR) has indexed with various reputed international bodies like : Google Scholar , Index Copernicus , SOCOLAR, China , Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN , Cosmos Impact Factor , Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) , UDLedge Science Citation Index , International Impact Factor Services , International Society for Research Activity (ISRA) Journal Impact Factor (JIF) , IFSIJ Measure of Journal Quality , Scientific Journal Impact Factor (SJIF) , International Scientific Indexing, UAE (ISI) (Under Process) , International Impact Factor Services (IIFS) , Web of Science Group (Under Process) , Directory of Research Journals Indexing , Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) , International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) , 

ISSN 2457-0400

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Indexing

Abstract

ENDOSCOPICAL AND HISTOPATHOLOGICAL ASSESSMENT OF ESOPHAGEAL BIOPSIES IN PATIENTS WITH GASTROESOPHAGEAL REFLUX DISEASE

Shahad Rafea Hoobi*, Alaa G. Hussain, Ban J. Qasim

ABSTRACT

Background: Gastroesophageal reflux disease is a chronic digestive condition that affects the lower esophageal sphincter causing the stomach content to back up from the stomach into the esophagus. It is a common disease with a prevalence of 8%-33% involving all age groups and both genders. Aim: To assess clinical, endoscopic, and histopathological features of esophageal biopsies in patients with Gastroesophageal reflux disease. Method: A retrospective study including analysis of 100 randomly selected patients with Gastroesophageal reflux disease collected from Teaching Laboratories of Al-Emamain Al-Kadhmain Medical City (AS), Baghdad Medical City and private labs in Baghdad, Iraq, reported between October 2020 to January 2022. The age, gender, clinical presentation, endoscopic and microscopical findings were studied. Results: The mean age of patients in this study was (47.37 years ± 12.13 SD), 64.0% of cases were males and 36% of cases were females. Regarding chief complaint at presentation, 31.0% of cases presented with heartburn, 20.0% with dysphagia, 16% with dyspepsia, 22% with epigastric pain, 9% with vomiting, 1% with melena, and 1% with regurgitation. Regarding endoscopic findings, 23% had esophageal thickening, 19% had esophageal ulceration, 6% had thick ulcerated esophageal lumen, 9% had esophageal polyp, 10% had esophageal erosion, 7% had erythematous esophageal lesion, 11% had esophageal nodule, 7% had esophageal mass, 5% had normal mucosa, 2% had esophageal stricture, and 1% had circular esophageal folds. Regarding microscopic findings, 11.0% of cases showed Barrett’s esophagus without dysplasia, 4% showed Barrett’s esophagus with low grade dysplasia, 3% showed Barrett’s esophagus with high grade dysplasia, 70% showed reflux esophagitis, 6% showed inflammatory polyps, 5% showed adenocarcinoma, and 1% showed gastric heterotopia. Conclusion: Gastroesophageal reflux disease is a common condition with male predominance and increased risk for complications by age including Barrett’s esophagus and esophageal adenocarcinoma, the most common presentation was heartburn, the most common endoscopic finding was esophageal wall thickening, and the most common microscopical finding was reflux esophagitis.

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